The Noi Bai International Airport is an airport serving Hanoi, the capital of Vietnam. It is the largest airport in the Northern region, located in Phu Minh Commune in Soc Son District, about 30 kilometres northeast of downtown Hanoi, and is the second largest airport in the country next to the 800-hectare Tan Son Nhat International Airport. The airport replaced the Gia Lam Airport in serving the capital.
Originally, the airport was built for use of the Vietnamese Air Force. After the reunification of Vietnam, the airport was transformed into an international airport, initially opening in 1978, while the completed passenger terminal was opened in 2001. The airport is also highly congested, exceeding passenger traffic by almost 6 million. The existing terminal of the airport can only hold and serve 9 million passengers per year, and yet in 2013, the airport has served some 15.2 million passengers. A new terminal is set to alleviate the congestion – and will increase the total capacity of the airport by 10 million passengers, totalling to some 19 million.
Airlines that serve the airport include Aeroflot, AirAsia, Air Macau, All Nippon, Asiana, Cambodia Ankor Air, Cebu Pacific, China Airlines, Dragon Air, Japan Airlines, Jeju Air, Korean Air, Lao Airlines, Thai Airways, Tigerair, Uni Air, Vietnam Airlines, and many others. Destinations from the airport include key cities in South-East Asia like Phnom Penh, Siem Reap, Manila, Ho Chi Minh, Luang Prabang, Kuala Lumpur, Bangkok, Singapore, and many others. Various destinations scattered in other parts of Asia, as well as Europe, are also available for taking from the airport. Meanwhile, the busiest international route out of Noi Bai is Seoul, while the busiest domestic route is Ho Chi Minh. Currently, the airport is listed as civil-cum-military airport and is operated by the Airports Corporation of Vietnam.
Currently, the airport has an existing terminal which serves all airlines travelling to the airport. It is divided into four lobbies, named A, B, C, and E. Lobbies A, B, and C are the original lobbies of the airport, while lobby E is a new terminal extension for domestic flights completed in 2014. A new terminal, which will be named Terminal 2, started construction in 2012, and will be serving passengers in 2015. The new 996-metre long terminal was funded by an international organization and was designed by Japan Airport Consultants.
The airport is currently served by two runways, one measuring 3,800 metres and another which measures 3,200 metres.
Services and Facilities
Basic services are offered in the airport. Banks and ATMs operate inside the airport, as well as a tourism help desk and a customer service help desk. Other amenities such as taxi services operate just outside the airport, as well as a bus terminal. More so, the airport has services for persons with reduced mobility, senior citizens, and women and their children who are in need of assistance.