Shanghai Pudong International Airport is a known aviation hub in China, Asia, and the rest of the world. It is a public-type airport and the primary international airport serving Shanghai, a major city in China. It is located about 30 kilometres east of the city centre, occupying a 40-square-kilometre site adjacent to the coastline in eastern Pudong. The airport is operated by the Shanghai Airport Authority, and serves as the main hub for numerous airlines, including Air China, China Cargo Airlines, China Eastern Airlines, Juneyao Airlines, Shanghai Airlines, and many more.
Shanghai Pudong, or informally Pudong Airport, is a fast-growing hub for both passenger and cargo traffic. With some three million metric tonnes of cargo handled in 2010, the airport was named as the world's third busiest airport by cargo traffic. It also served some 51 million passengers in 2014, making it the third busiest airport in mainland China and 19th busiest in the world. Pudong Airport is also known as the busiest international airport in mainland China, with 50% of its total passenger traffic listed as international.
87 airlines, 194 destinations, and millions of connections made, Shanghai Pudong International Airport is one of the top-calibre airports and hubs in Asia.
Open 24 hours a day and seven days a week, tShanghai Pudong International Airport uses two main passenger terminals, flanked on both sides by three parallel runways. Terminal 1 was opened on October 1, 1999, along with a 4,000-metre runway and a cargo hub. It was built to handle the demand for traffic and to relieve the then Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport. Terminal 1 is shaped like Japan's Kansai International Airport terminal, but is shorter with 28 gates. 13 out of the 28 gates are double decker, while the terminal's exterior is shaped like waves. The terminal capacity currently stands as 20 million passengers, served by 204 check-in counters, 13 luggage conveying belts, and a coverage area of 280,000 square metres. Meanwhile, Terminal 2 was opened on March 26, 2008 along with the third runway. The second terminal follows the design of the first terminal, although slightly larger. Terminal 2 gives a capacity of 60 million passengers and 4.2 million tonnes of cargo annually, and is primarily used by Air China. Several other Star Alliance members use the facility, along with SkyTeam and OneWorld alliance airlines. Shanghai Airlines moved to Terminal 2 upon the opening of the facility, along with 14 other airlines. The total airlines in service to the terminal are now more than 30. Further, a third passenger terminal is planned for 2015, in addition to a satellite terminal, two additional runways, and other facilities, to raise the annual passenger capacity of the airport from 60 million to 80 million. The planned passenger terminal will also add some six million tonnes of cargo to the current cargo and freight handling capacity of the airport.
Services and Facilities
Apart from providing commercial flight services, the airport also has several facilities and airport services that can be used by its visitors and passengers. Some of them include the inquiry counters, aid for passengers with special needs, business centres complete with banks, ATMs, and other necessities; luggage storage facilities, lost and found desks, luggage carts, temporary boarding certificate desks, electric vehicles, delivery services, aviation insurance facilities, and others. The airport also has its own post office, vending machines, power chargers, photo kiosks, to name some. Further, the airport is also very much connected to the city via public transport services. Car rental services, coaches, and other options, can all be accessed through the airport.