Officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, Ethiopia is one of the countries belonging in the Horn of Africa – the protruding point of the continent in its eastern section. It is bordered by Eritrea to the north and north-east, Djibouti and Somalia to the east, Sudan and South Sudan to the west, and Kenya to the south. With over 90 million inhabitants, Ethiopia is the most populous landlocked country in the world, as well as the second-most populated nation on the African continent.
Ethiopia is a land of natural contrasts with its vast and fertile Western region, jungles, and numerous rivers, the world's hottest settlement of Dallol in its north, and Africa's largest continuous mountain ranges and the largest cave in Africa at Sof Omar. Ethiopia also is a multi-lingual nation with around 80 ethno-linguistic groups, with the two biggest groups namely Oromo and Amhara. Most people in the country speak Afro-Asiatic languages, while the minorities speak Omotic languages and Nilo-Saharan languages.
Where to go
Blue Nile Falls – The Blue Nile Falls is a beautiful waterfall on the Blue Nile River in Ethiopia. This enchanting curtain-esque drop of water is known as Tis Abay in Amharic, which literally translates into “smoking water”. The falls are estimated to be between 37-45 metres high, consisting of four streams that are originally varied from a trickle in the dry season to over 400 metres wide in the rainy season. It isolates the ecology of Lake Tana from the ecology of the rest of the Nile, and this isolation has played a role in the evolution of the endemic fauna of the lake.
Ethnological Museum – Set within Haile Selassie's former palace and surrounded by the beautiful gardens and fountains of Addis Ababa University's main campus, the Ethnological Museum is an enthralling architectural and cultural sight. It defines the Italian-tainted past of the country, from the museum's main entrance down to the stairs. Upon entering, there is a small exhibit of the history of the site, and as one goes deeper, he or she gains further knowledge of Ethiopia's past from birth (foundation) to adulthood (development and modern times). Superb artefacts and handicrafts from Ethiopia's peoples are displayed, along with preserved bedrooms, bathrooms, and changing rooms of then Emperor Haile Selassie, who owned the place. Religious art, as well as other anthropological displays can also be found here.
From the main airport in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, travellers can explore more of Africa and nearby Asian cities by flying to short haul destinations including Cairo, Djibouti, Accra, Abuja, Beirut, Cotonou, Dammam, and Dar es Salaam. Cairo is the capital of Egypt and the largest city in the Middle-East, and the second-largest in Africa after Lagos. It was founded in 969 CE and was nicknamed as the “city of a thousand minarets”, for its preponderance of Islamic architecture. Within Cairo, visit the Tahrir Square, the beautiful Egyptian Museum, the Cairo Tower, the Old Cairo area, the Islamic Cairo area, the Citadel of Cairo, and the Khan El Khalili.
From Ethiopia's capital Addis Ababa, travellers may visit numerous destinations across the world – including several Asian nations and places in North and South America. They may also explore the northern continent of Europe. Long haul destinations include Beijing, Bangkok, Frankfurt, Milan, Toronto, Paris, Sao Paulo, Stockholm, Tokyo, and Washington. There are also several farther African cities that can be reached from Ethiopia, such as Bamako, Cape Town, and Dakar.
How to get out
The busiest airport in Ethiopia is Addis Ababa Bole International Airport in Addis Ababa, the capital of Ehiopia. Addis Ababa Bole International Airport is served by major airlines including Air China, EgyptAir, Emirates, Ethiopian Airlines, flydubai, Gulf Air, Kenya Airways, Lufthansa, Qatar Airways, Saudia, Sudan Airways, Turkish Airlines, and Yemenia.
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