Armenia, officially called the Republic of Armenia, is a country north of Western Asia, in the South Caucasus region of Eurasia. The territory of this democratic nation-state is divided into ten provinces: Aragatsotn, Ararat, Armavir, Gegharkunik, Kotayk, Lori, Shirak, Syunik, Tavush, and Vayots Dzor. The city of Yerevan has a special administrative status as the capital of Armenia.
Mother Armenia - Mother Armenia is a 23-metre high monumental statue of the female personification of Armenia in Victory Park. The statue symbolises peace through strength, and its position on a hill overlooking Yerevan makes it appear as though Mother Armenia is quite literally watching over the capital.
Matenadaran - The Mesrop Mashtots Institute of Ancient Manuscripts, often referred to as Matenadaran, stores and protects ancient manuscripts, and functions as a research institute and museum. It contains one of the world's richest depositories of medieval manuscripts, as well as rare books that cover a broad range of subjects. The Matenadaran is devoted to the preservation, restoration, and the reproduction of the manuscripts. It currently houses nearly 17,000 manuscripts and 30,000 documents that span over a wide range of subjects including historiography, art history, philosophy, geography, medicine, and science.
Etchmiadzin Cathedral - The Etchmiadzin Cathedral is the Mother Church of the Armenian Apostolic Church. It is reportedly the first cathedral in ancient Armenia, and is hailed as the oldest cathedral in the world. The major pilgrimage site is one of the most visited tourist attractions in Armenia.
History Museum of Armenia - Regarded as the country's national museum, the History Museum of Armenia specialises in the fields of Ethnography, Numismatics, and Archaeology. The museum has a large collection of third to second millennia BC bronze artefacts, and the historical-cultural heritage of Urartu. It hosts educational and scientific programs and has published works on Armenian architecture, history, archaeology, and ethnography.
How to get around within Armenia
Some of the tourist sites in Armenia are difficult to reach due to infrequent public transport. A great way to really get around to the major tourist sites is by joining a day tour, choosing between full-day trips to ensure you see many of the country's major attractions, or half-day trips so you can also experience having the freedom to explore on your own. Independent inter-city travel is can be achieved by minibus and bus service. There's no need to purchase tickets in advance for minibuses, as they do not issue tickets at all. Taxi is one of the best ways to get to a certain place in comfort and on a short notice. Renting a car is another good option, especially if you have a particular itinerary in mind and want to cover plenty of places in a short period of time. Car rental agencies can be found throughout central Yerevan.
How to get there
Zvartnots International Airport is the busiest airport in Armenia. It is located near Zvartnots, 12 kilometres west of Yerevan. Those who wish to fly to Armenia can book a flight with Aegean Airlines, Aeroflot, Air Armenia, Air France, Dniproavia, Etihad Airways, Mahan Air, S7 Airlines, Transaero Airlines, Ural Airlines, UTair Aviation, VIM Airlines, and other airlines that connect to Zvartnots International Airport from Moscow, Saint Petersburg, Kiev, Warsaw, Istanbul, Vienna, Minsk, Prague, Moscow, Athens, Frankfurt, Abu Dhabi, and Paris.