Bosnia and Herzegovina, known informally as Bosnia-Herzegovina, BiH, or Bosnia, is a country on the Balkan Peninsula in Southeastern Europe. Bosnia is almost landlocked, bordered by Croatia to the north, west and south, Montenegro to the southeast, and Serbia to the east, with 20 kilometres of coastline on the Adriatic Sea. The capital and largest city is Sarajevo. Bosnia and Herzegovina was part of the former Yugoslavia, from which it separated and gained independence in 1992. Today, it is one of the most frequently visited destinations in the region thanks to its natural beauty and diverse cultural heritage.
What to see & do
Stari Most – Stari Most is a beautiful reconstruction of a 16th-century Ottoman bridge in the city of Mostar. The bridge crosses the Neretva River and connects two parts of Mostar, and is one of Bosnia’s most recognizable landmarks. The original bridge, Old Bridge, survived for 427 years, but was destroyed during the Croat-Bosniak War. A traditional annual competition for young men in diving from Stari Most is held mid-summer (end of July).
Kravice Waterfalls – Kravice is a waterfall on the Trebižat River, about 40 kilometres south of Mostar. Kravice is 28 metres high, and the radius of the base is 120 metres. The area is a prime spot for swimming and picnicking. There is also a small café and places to camp.
Sebilj – Sebilj, also called the pigeon square, is a quaint kiosk-shaped public fountain made of wood and stone. The pseudo-Ottoman style fountain is situated in the historic and cultural centre of Sarajevo, Baščaršija. There are two replicas of Sarajevo’s Sebilj in Belgrade, Serbia, and in St. Louis, Missouri in the United States of America.
How to get around within Bosnia and Herzegovina
Travellers can either take the bus or ride the train. Small private companies run a dense network of bus lines, and service is frequent. The main Sarajevo bus station is situated next to the railway station near the city centre. Due to the spectacular Bosnia scenery, it is tempting to go for a drive in the country, but there are several factors to consider; road conditions are still quite poor, though many are being restored, and many of the local drivers are known to be atrocious drivers. If you insist on driving, research beforehand and stick to paved roads that you’re sure are safe. The risk of landmines have decreased significantly and many are clearly marked, but it’s better to be safe than sorry.
How to get there
The primary air gateway into Bosnia and Herzegovina is Sarajevo International Airport, also known as Butmir Airport, located 6.1 kilometres southwest of the railway station in Sarajevo. The airport receives regular flights from Ljubljana, Belgrade, Vienna, Amsterdam, Athens, Frankfurt, Malmö, Stockholm, Banja Luka, Copenhagen, Zurich, Zagreb, Dubai, Berlin, Stuttgart, Munich, Istanbul, Geneva, and Cologne. Airlines that fly to Sarajevo International Airport include Adria Airways, Air Serbia, Austrian Airlines, Bosnian Wand Airlines, B&H Airlines, Croatia Airlines, flydubai, Germanwings, Pegasus Airlines, Lufthansa, and Turkish Airlines.
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