Bulgaria is also known officially as the Republic of Bulgaria. It is a country located in southeastern Europe. Bulgaria is bordered by Romania to the north, Serbia and Macedonia to the west, Greece and Turkey to the south, and the Black Sea to the east. Bulgaria is Europe's 14th-largest country.
During the Neolithic period, organised prehistoric cultures began developing on Bulgarian lands. The ancient history of Bulgaria history suggests that it reared Thracians and later on with the Greeks and Romans as well.
What to see/What to do/What to see & do
Bachkovo Monastery - This monastery is located about 30km south of Plovdiv and was founded in 1083 by Georgian brothers Gregory and Abasius Bakuriani. The brothers are known aristocrats then in Byzantine military service. The monastery was flourishing during the Second Bulgarian Empire but was ransacked by Turks in the 15th and 16th centuries. Since then, major reconstructions began in the mid-17th century and currently, Bachkovo is Bulgaria’s second-largest monastery, after Rila. Travellers that will visit the monastery will have to depend on a prominent explanation board that provides monastic history which are written in English, French, and German, and a map of hiking trails to nearby villages. There are also guidebooks that are available at the monastery’s shop.
Tsarevets Fortress - When in Bulgaria, travellers might be interested in seeing the reconstructed Tsarevets Fortress. This fortress dominates the skyline, and is one of Bulgaria’s most beloved monuments. The Tsarevets Fortress has remains of more than 400 houses, 18 churches, and numerous monasteries, dwellings, shops, gates and towers. The Tsarevets Museum-Reserve is located on Tsarevets Hill.
Neolithic Dwellings Museum - This two 8,000-year-old Stone Age houses are partially preserved in a secure and airtight environment located at the Neolithic Dwellings Museum. Previously abandoned after a fire several millennia ago and restored after, these make them among the Balkans’ best preserved neolithic dwellings. Travellers can have guided tours as these are useful for distinguishing the doors, walls, and chimneys from one another. There are also remains of handmade pottery used by the houses’ prehistoric residents exist.
Madara National Historical & Archaeological Reserve - This reserve surrounds the Madara Horseman or the Madarski Konnik. Travellers will be amazed at the bas-relief that features a mounted figure spearing a lion, followed by a dog that is carved into a cliff. This is also Bulgaria’s only known medieval rock carving and is considered as a UNESCO Heritage Site.
How to get around within Bulgaria
Travellers can make use of Bulgaria's high-speed lines that are in operation. Rail links are available at locations in Romania, Turkey, Greece, and Serbia, and express trains serve direct routes to Kiev, Minsk, Moscow, and Saint Petersburg.
How to get there
Sofia Airport is one of the busiest airports in Bulgaria and is a gateway for travellers to visit the country. Cheap airports that are bound for Sofia Airport can be purchased using a reliable online site for cheap flights such as Skyscanner. Travellers can choose from the airlines that operate there such as Air Berlin, Air France, Austrian Airlines, British Airways, Bulgaria Air, and Wizz Air.
Images by Flickr/Kearchos Kapoutsis
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