Belo Horizonte literally means Beautiful Horizon. It is the sixth largest city in Brazil, thirteenth in South America, and sixteenth in the Americas. The city also ranked the third most populous metropolitan area in Brazil, nineteenth in the Americas, and forty-second in the world. Located in the southeast region of Brazil, Belo Horizonte is the capital city of the state of Minas Gerais, the second most populous state of Brazil. One noticeable trait of the city is its location on top of several hills and the mountains that surround it. The annual average temperature of Belo Horizonte ranges from 9 to 35°C (48 and 95 °F), classifying it as a tropical area, bordering on a humid subtropical climate. The city has humid and warm summers and dry and mild winters. Catholics make approximately 70% of the city's population, 20% Protestant, and 10% aren't affiliated in any religion. Portuguese is the official national language in this country but English and Spanish are both being taught as second languages.
What to see & do
A lot of Belo Horizonte's attractions have something to do with architecture, museums, and landscapes because of its position on top of the hills and from being surrounded by mountains. Pampulha, for one, is a 1940s neighbourhood that highlights the country's modern architecture. The Mangabeiras Park is a perfect place for nature lovers. It is a place where the Cerrado and the Atlantic Forest meets and would be a perfect place for families to visit and relax. Museum of Arts and Crafts at Praça Rui Barbosa, Centro will show you the art and culture of the city while the Alta Vila Tower in the district of Nova Lima offers a view of the entire city and the mountains the surround it.
How to get around within Belo Horizonte
Public transportation in Belo Horizonte or BH consists of buses, trains, and taxis. Buses are color-coded in BH and each have their assigned route. Blue buses run through downtown and go from one region to another. Red buses run from one region to the city's downtown then back to the same region and often run to more distant neighbourhoods. Called the Circular buses, the Yellow buses circulate around a same city region while Orange buses run from one region to another without going through downtown. Lastly, the Green buses serve BHBUS bus stations and run through downtown and then back or connect two different BHBUS stations. Taking the train is also an option. However, trains in BH, even though they connect two biggest cities in the metro area, do not cover most of the city. Taxis in BH are something the city is proud of. The fleet of taxis in the city is one of the best in Latin America and is also relatively cheap.
How to get there
Belo Horizonte is being served by two airports: Confins (Aeroporto Internacional Tancredo Neves – CNF) and Pampulha (Aeroporto Carlos Drummond de Andrade – PLU). Confins serves international flights as well as direct flights from the United States, the Caribbean, Europe, and from most major cities in Brazil. Pampulha, on the other hand, serves domestic flights especially within the state of Minas Gerais. From the airport, you can take taxis or buses. You can also enter the city by bus as the city is a major national hub for bus travel. Bus ride from Brasilia to the city takes approximately 10 hours, 8 hours from Sao Paulo, and 7 hours from Rio de Janeiro.