Cairo International Airport, which serves Cairo, is the busiest airport in Egypt and the second busiest airport in Africa after OR Tambo International Airport in Johannesburg. It is located approximately 15 kilometres northeast of Cairo. Operated by Cairo Airport Company, Cairo International Airport is elevated 382 feet or 116 metres above mean sea level, and has coordinates of 30°07’19’’N; 31°24’20’’E. It has three asphalt surfaced runways, designated 05L/23R, 05C/23C, and 05R/23L, respectively. Its terminals are Departure Hall 1, International Hall 3, and Hall 4 for private and non-commercial aircraft services. Terminal 2 is closed for renovation, and there is also a Seasonal Flights Terminal.
What to see & do
The capital of Egypt, Cairo, is the largest city in the Middle East and the second largest in Africa, after Lagos. Tourists who are interested to know more about the Islam culture must visit this city, nicknamed as the “city of a thousand minarets,” for the dominance of Islamic architecture in Cairo. Ancient Egypt also remains visible in Cairo as it is a neighbour to the ancient cities of Memphis, Giza, and Fustat which are near the Great Sphinx and the pyramids of Giza. South of the city centre is Old Cairo, where it holds the remnants of Fustat and the heart of the country’s Coptic Christian community, Coptic Cairo. On the western side, on the other hand, is where wide boulevards, open spaces, and modern European architecture are found. Other historical sites and landmarks that are worth noting in Cairo are the Tahrir Square, the Egyptian Museum, Cairo Tower, the Citadel of Cairo, and Khan El-Khalili. Nightlife is also not unheard of in Cairo. In fact, the city was ranked as the “world’s most 24-hour city” in 2011, measured for the amount of online activity at night compared during the day. Nightclubs are all over Cairo, as well as cafes that serve as gathering places at night to smoke shisha.
How to get around within Cairo
Cairo is served by a comprehensive rail system, subway system, and maritime services. The city also has an extensive road network traversed by cars, taxi cabs, buses, and microbuses. Ramses Square in Cairo is the centre of almost the entire Egyptian transportation network. The city’s subway system is called the Metro, and covers the suburbs. When riding the Metro, travellers must be aware that the fourth and fifth train cars are reserved for women only; but women can also ride in any car they prefer. Trams are available in Greater Cairo, particularly Heliopolis and Nasr City. There are three kinds of taxis in Cairo: solid-white taxis are metered modern sedans and run on natural gas; bright yellow taxis are only available by reservation and are also metered; and the older black-and-white taxis are the most common and usually do not use meters.
How to get there
Cairo International Airport serves as a hub for Air Cairo, Air Memphis, Alexandria Airlines, AMC Airlines, AlMasria Universal Airlines, EgyptAir, EgyptAir Express, Midwest Airlines, Nesma Airlines, and Nile Air, flying to key cities around the world including Abu Dhabi, Addis Ababa, Alexandria, Athens, Guangzhou, Berlin, Rome, Vienna, Zurich, Tel Aviv, and Jeddah. Cairo’s main railway station, Ramses Station, in Midan Ramses is served by trains coming from other regions and cities within Egypt. Buses from all over the country also travel to Cairo, with Midan Ramses and Cairo Gateway as the main destinations.
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Frequently asked questions
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