Nicknamed “The Forest City,” "Metropolis of the Western Reserve", "The Rock and Roll Capital of the World", "C-Town", and the more historical "Sixth City", Cleveland is a culturally diverse city on the shores of Lake Erie, one of the Great Lakes, in Cuyahoga County in the state of Ohio. It is located in north-eastern Ohio on the southern shore of Lake Erie, approximately 60 miles (97km) west of the Pennsylvania border. With a total population of 396,815 (2010 census), Cleveland is the second-most populous city in the state, and the 45th largest city in the United States. The city is part of the larger Cleveland-Akron-Canton, OH Combined Statistical Area.
Founded in 1796, Cleveland became a manufacturing centre due to its location on the lakeshore and connections to many canals and railroad lines. Today, the city serves as the home to the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, and its economy thrives on diversified sectors such as manufacturing, financial services, healthcare, and biomedical.
What to see & do
Cleveland has an abundance of recreational, cultural, and educational opportunities, and is also home to world-class museums and cultural events, professional sports and amusement parks, and the most golf courses per capita in the United States. Most of the tourist attractions are located Downtown. But if there’s anything one would thoroughly enjoy in the city, it’s sports. Even if you’re not a big sports fan, it’s impossible to not be infected with the excitement from the world’s best sports fans. It is home to Cleveland Browns football, Cleveland Indians baseball, Cleveland Gladiators arena football, Lake Erie Monsters ice hockey, and of course, the Cleveland Cavaliers basketball team. Outdoor activities are also plentiful in the city: there’s boating, fishing, and swimming in Great Lake; hiking in Cleveland Metropark; boating, rowing, canoeing, and kayaking in Cuyahoga.
How to get around within Cleveland
Navigating Cleveland is just about one of the easiest things in the world, with traffic generally not a problem relative to other major U.S. metro areas. If you’re planning to get around by car, note that most parts of the city is laid out in grids and has very clear signage enabling you to easily know where you are. Throughout the area, signs are thoroughly placed to indicate the route to the nearest major freeway. Rush hours are from 7:00 a.m. to 9:00 a.m.; 4:00 p.m. to 6:30 p.m. in the afternoon, but are still light, compared to other major U.S. cities. The Greater Cleveland area is served by a public bus and rail transit system, operated by the Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Authority (RTA), with the rail officially called the Cleveland Rapid Transit, or “The Rapids” to locals. A bus rapid transit line, called the “Health Line,” was constructed in 2008, and provides a direct route between Cleveland's primary tourist attractions from downtown to University Circle.
How to get there
There are four airports in Cleveland: Cleveland Hopkins International Airport, which is located 13 miles southwest of Downtown; Akron-Canton Airport, situated 50 miles south of Cleveland in Akron and is served by most major U.S. airlines; Burke Lakefront Airport, a small airport in downtown right on the shore of Lake Erie that handles private jet, business, and general aviation traffic; and Cuyahoga County Airport in north-eastern Cuyahoga County which serves private planes. You can also reach Cleveland by car via four two-digit interstate highways: Interstate 71, Interstate 77, Interstate 80/Ohio Turnpike, and Interstate 90, along with several freeways. The city is also accessible via Amtrak’s Capital Limited from Washington, D.C. and Chicago, as well as Lake Shore Limited from New York, Boston, or Chicago. Greyhound and Megabus companies also offer intercity/interstate bus services. If you’re entering by boat, you can check out cruise services from the American Canadian Caribbean Line and the Great Lakes Cruising Company.