Cape Verde, officially the Republic of Cabo Verde, is an island country in West Africa. It comprises of an archipelago of 10 volcanic islands and eight islets the central Atlantic Ocean, with a combined area of over 4,000 square kilometres. It is part of the region of Islands known as Macaronesia.
The initially uninhabited islands of Cape Verde were discovered and colonized by Portuguese explorers in the 15th century, making it the first European settlement in the tropics. Cape Verde became a trading centre for African slaves, and later a coaling and re-supplying stop for whaling and transatlantic shipping. The country has 24 cities, and some of the most notable are the following: Praia, located on Santiago Island, is the capital; Mindelo is the port city on São Vicente; Assomada is the seat of municipality of Santiago and Santa Catarina; Santa Maria is the former administrative capital and most populous city on the island of Sal.
What to see & do
Pico do Fogo - Pico do Fogo is an active stratovolcano on the island of Fogo, and at 2,829 metres above sea level, is the highest peak of Cape Verde. It is also the youngest and most active volcano in the islands.
Dja'r Fogo - Dja'r Fogo is an art gallery, cafe, information centre, and base for trips around Fogo. Dja'r Fogo is a good place to learn about the island's history and culture, as well as to have a taste of good artisanal Fogo coffee.
Palácio do Povo - Palácio do Povo or People's Palace, formerly Palácio do Governador or Governor's Palace, is a 50m x 100m building in east Mindelo. The palace has a well-preserved colonial architecture with pink walls and eight to ten columns.
Museu Municipal - The Museu Municipal is a colonial mansion with displays of traditional musical instruments, sewing machines, sundry items, and old photographs. It features a short film about the infamous 1995 volcano eruption.
Ervatao Beach - Ervatao beach in Boa Vista is an important nesting site for the loggerhead turtle. Watch over 3,000 turtles crawl ashore every year from late May to September to find a spot to lay their eggs. It usually takes two hours for a turtle to dig a 30cm-deep hole with its rear flippers and lay over 40 eggs before covering it up in sand again.
Whale watching in Boa Vista - If you like seeing the turtles, you'll definitely also appreciate witnessing the seasonal migrations of the humpback whales, from their high-latitude feeding areas to their low-latitude breeding grounds. The Cape Verde Islands is the latter, one of the two breeding sites for the humpback whales in the North Atlantic.
How to get around
Apart from air passenger service, there are also ferry services that operate between the islands. Grab a taxi in order to get around the major cities. The taxis are often metered. There is also service by Aluguers, which are generally open-back pickup trucks with bench seats or Toyota vans, both of which can carry about 15 passengers at a time.
How to get there
Amílcar Cabral International Airport, also called Sal International Airport or Amilcar Cabral Airport, is the primary airport serving Cape Verde. The airport is located on Sal Island. There are flights to Cape Verde from Amsterdam, Lisbon, Paris, Brussels, Munich, Frankfurt, and Milan, courtesy of the airlines Binter Canarias, Cabo Verde Express, Eurpoe Airpost, Jetairfly, jettime, Luxair, Neos, TACV, TAP Portugal, Transavia.com, Transavia.com France, TUlfly, and XL Airways France.