One of the 20 regions of Italy, Friuli Venezia Giulia is also one of the country’s five autonomous regions with special statute. The region serves as a natural opening to the sea for many countries in Central Europe; it is crossed by the major transport routes between the east and west of southern Europe. The region covers the historical-geographical region of Friuli and a small part of the historical region of Venezia Giulia. Friuli Venezia Giulia’s capital is Trieste, and has different types of climates ranging from mild Mediterranean in the south to Alpine continental in the north.
What to see & do
Friuli Venezia Giulia is thE northeasternmost region in Italy. The northern part is a mountainous area, including Carnia and the ending section of the Alps, and characterised by massive pine forests, pastures, mountain lakes, and streams and rivers. Popular tourist attractions in this area include Monte Zoncolan, Tarvisio, Sella Nevea, Forni di Sopra, and Piancavallo, which are winter destinations. South of the mountains is the hilly area, known for producing world class quality white wine. Friuli Venezia Giulia’s coastal area has the western and eastern subsections. The western part has a shallow and sandy coast and is home to a number of tourist resorts, as well as the Grado and Marano Lagunare lagoons. The Carso in the eastern part’s coastline features hollows, cave networks, and underground rivers that are waiting to be explored. With this combination of sea and mountains, a variety of activities can be enjoyed in Friuli Venezia Giulia, particularly in the beaches of Lignano, Grado, Monfalcone, and Trieste, and the alpine ski resorts in the Friulian Dolomites, the Carnic Prealps and Alps, and the Julian alps. Other points of interest in Friuli Venezia Giulia also include the Cansiglio and Tarvisio forests, the Dolomiti Friulane and Prealpi Giulie regional parks, the alpine lakes, and the castles of Miramare, Duino, and Gorizia. Tours that can be arranged in the region cover the “Road of Wine and Cherries”, the “Road of Ham and Castles”, and the “Road of Montasio Cheese”.
How to get around Friuli Venezia Giulia
Friuli Venezia Giulia is considered as the ‘centre of Europe’, playing a significant role in connecting Italy with Central and Eastern Europe. The motorway in the region extends 200 kilometres between North and South, and West and East, connecting Friuli Venezia Giulia with Austria and Slovenia. The railway network in the region has two twin-lines namely the Venice-Trieste and Trieste-Udine-Tarvisio-Austria. The motorway and railway networks connect to the ports of Trieste, Monfalcone, and Porto Nogaro. Local public transportation within Trieste is operated by Trieste Trasporti, which provides bus services (with 60 bus routes) and boat services; and also operates the Opicina Tramway, a fusion of tramway and funicular railway that links Trieste city centre and Opicina.
How to get there
The airport that serves the region is Trieste – Friuli Venezia Giulia Airport, an international airport located 0.56 kilometres or 0.35 miles west of Ronchi dei Legionari (Gorizia), near Trieste. Airlines that operate at Trieste – Friuli Venezia Giulia Airport are Alitalia (operated by Alitalia CityLiner), Air France, Etihad Regional (operated by Darwin Airline), Lufthansa Regional (operated by Air Dolomiti), Meridiana, Ryanair, and Vueling, which fly to and from destinations such as Milan, Naples, Rome, Paris, Zurich, Munich, Olbia, Cagliari, Bari, London, Trapani, Alghero, Valencia, and Barcelona.