The famous Grand Canyon is a steep canyon carved by the Colorado River and declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in the state of Arizona. It is one of the greatest attractions in the United States of America. The canyon covers several district areas, most notably the Grand Canyon National Park, which itself comprises of two areas: the North Rim and the South Rim. The latter is the more accessible and more crowded of the two.
Needless to say, the Grand Canyon itself is clearly one of the main attractions and landmarks of Arizona. The steep, rocky canyon stretches for 277 miles and is over a mile deep, with the Colorado River lying on the canyon's floor. The stunning, picturesque views of the Canyon can be observed from different perspectives by going around on a bike, on foot, on a mule, or from high above on a helicopter or small airplane. One can even go on a rafting expedition on the Colorado River for a more unusual perspective of the Grand Canyon.
Hermit's Rest - At the western end of Hermit Road in the South Rim is a hiking trail called the Hermit Trail, which begins at the bus stop at Hermit's Rest and extends about a quarter of a mile to the Colorado River. Hermit's Rest, designed by architect Mary Colter, was built partly underneath an earth mound to resemble a natural stone formation and serve as a rest area for tourists. The structure was listed under the National Register of Historic Places and declared a National Historic Landmark.
Yavapai Geology Museum - The museum offers in-depth information on the Grand Canyon's history and geologic story. The Yavapai Geology Museum was built exclusively for observing and comprehending Grand Canyon geology, erected on a site specially chosen by a team of geologists. It's also the venue where many ranger programs begin.
How to get around within Grand Canyon
Parking of private vehicles is limited or not allowed in many of the viewpoints and trailheads. The safest and most efficient way is to make use of the park shuttle system. The National Park Services offers free shuttle service on the South Rim. Visitors can also rent horses or mules.
How to get there
The nearest public airport is the Grand Canyon National Park Airport, located in Tusayan, 11km away from the South Rim. The airport is used primarily for charter flights and scenic tours, but there are also scheduled passenger flights. Airlines that use the airport are Grand Canyon Flights, Las Vegas Helicopters, Papillon Grand Canyon Helicopters, and Scenic Airlines to Boulder City, and Vision Airlines to North Las Vegas.
Most international flights taken by people from all over the world to visit the Grand Canyon arrive at the Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport and the Las Vegas McCarran International Airport, which are both served by most major airlines. It would take about half a day's drive from either airport to the South Rim. However, the nearest commercial airport is the Flagstaff's Pulliam Field. It has only one airline, the US Airways Express, which offers flights to and from Phoenix.