Republic of Ghana, or Ghana, is a multinational state along the Gulf of Guinea and Atlantic Ocean. The country’s official language is English, although it has various national languages which include Akuapem Twi, Asante Twi, Dagaare, Dagbani, Dangme, Ewe, Ga, Gonja, Kasem, Fante, Nzema, Talensi, and Frafra. Ghana regions include Ashanti Region, Brong-Ahafo Region, Central Region, Eastern Region, Greater Accra Region, Northern Region, Upper East and West Regions, Volta Region, and Western Region.
What to see & do
Some of the sights within Ghana include Cape Coast Castle, Kejetia Market, Butre, St. George’s Castle, Prempeh II Jubilee Museum, Independence Square, Kakum National Park, Jamestown, Manhyia Palace Museum, Dixcove, Mole National Park, Makola Market, Labadi Beach, Kwame Nkrumah Park, and Osu Castle, among others, within various destinations such as Kumasi, Cape Coast, Tamale, Akwidaa, Bolgatanga, Elmina, Akosombo, and Takoradi, to name a few. Focusing on a couple sights, Cape Coast Castle overlooks the sea and was first converted into a castle in 1637 by the Dutch. After undergoing an extensive restoration, the castle now features a slave cell, cannonballs, the Governor’s bedroom, and many others, to be toured for around an hour, and to end by the Door of No Return. Mole National Park has elephants that tourists and visitors can get up close and personal with. The animals within the park also include baboons, warthogs, water bucks, as well as antelopes, on top of 90 other species which roam the park in total.
How to get around within Ghana
Moving efficiently around Ghana is best done via train, bus, tro-tro, along with taxis, car, and plane. Getting on trains within the country is easy with rail links between Accra, Takoradi, and Kumasi. Although currently, the only railways that are open for use are the ones from from Accra to Nsawam, and from Accra to Tema, since the railway system is under renovation. Travelling by bus can be done through the STC which is the main coach company in Ghana. The STC operates long-distance domestic, as well as international services between places such as Accra, Kumasi, Takoradi, Tamale, Cape Coast and other main cities. Bus tickets should be bought a day in advance to prevent any problems on the day of travel. Tro-tros are multi-passenger vans that are similar to shared taxis. These vehicles run along fixed routes and have fixed fares. The tro-tros run from point to point and is most of the time the only option when travelling between or to remote towns. Another tro-tro option is the City Express, which works the same as tro-tros but features non-stop travel and air conditioning; these travel between larger cities along the coast such as Takoradi, Accra, and Aflao, among others.
How to get there
When getting into Ghana, or Republic of Ghana, one of the airports that operate flights to and from numerous local and international destinations is the Kotoka International Airport. The airport is Ghana’s leading international airport: it has the capacity to handle large aircrafts such as the Boeing 747-8, among others. Operated by Ghana Airports Company, Kotoka International Airport works as the hub for Africa World Airlines, Antrak Air, Arik Air, and Starbow Airlines. The airport has an asphalt runway at approximately 3,400 metres or 11,100 feet. Some of the airlines that operate in the airport include Aero Contractors, Africa World Airlines, Air Côte d'Ivoire, Air Burkina, Alitalia, British Airways, Delta Air Lines, KLM, Lufthansa, TAP Portugal, and Turkish Airlines, with flights to Douala, Lagos, Kumasi, Tamale, Ouagadougou, London, Rome, New York, Frankfurt, Amsterdam, Lisbon, Istanbul, and Barcelona, to name a few.
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