Jordan or officially known as the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, is an Arab kingdom located in Western Asia, on the East Bank of the Jordan River, and extending into the historic region of Palestine. Jordan is bordered by many countries such as Saudi Arabia to the south and east, Iraq to the north-east, Syria to the north, and Israel and the Palestine to the west. Geographically, Jordan consists of an arid plateau in the east, irrigated by oasis and seasonal water streams, with highland area in the west of arable land and Mediterranean evergreen forestry.
Jordan is separated from Israel and the Palestinian Territories by The Jordan Rift Valley of the Jordan River. Jordan is known historically as part of a region considered to be "the cradle of civilisation," the Levant region of the Fertile Crescent.
Those who will be travelling to this country should know that the climate in Jordan is semi-dry in summer and is relatively cool in winter averaging around 13 °C.
Karak Castle - Travellers should head to the entrance to Karak Castle at the southern end of Al Qala’a St. From here on throughout the castle, informative display boards give detailed descriptions of the history and function of each structure. Travellers should bring a torch or a flashlight to explore the darker regions, and should be cautious of low doorways. Currently, reconstruction and excavation work within the castle is ongoing. The main entrance, which is the Ottoman’s Gate, is reached via bridge over the dry moat. However, thee Crusader’s Gate, which is known as the old entrance, is not open to the public.
Petra - Petra is located in Wadi Musa in Jordan. It is one of the most desired places that tourists want to explore in Jordan. According to history, the city of Petra was built in the third century BC by the Nabataeans. These Nabateans carved palaces, temples, tombs, storerooms, and stables from the sandstone cliffs that can be seen until today. They were also the ones who ordered the trade routes from Damascus to Arabia, and great spice, silk, and slave caravans passed through, paying taxes and protection money. The Nabataeans have made historical advances such as mastering hydraulic engineering, iron production, copper refining, sculpture, and stone carving. However, archaeologists believe that several earthquakes, including a massive one in AD 555, forced the inhabitants to abandon the city.
Amman Citadel - Also known as the Jabal al-Qal'a, the L-shaped hill is one of the seven jabals that originally made up Amman. There is evidence of occupation since the pottery of Neolithic period that has been found here, making it one the world's oldest continuously inhabited places. Travellers will be thrilled to know that the Amman Citadel’s history represents significant civilisations that stretched across continents and prospered for centuries. The location is also a symbolism of the birth of three great monotheistic religions which are Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Travellers can also find the Umayyad Mosque within the borders of the site. Travellers visiting the Amman Citadel can also find the Jordan Archaeological Museum, which is home to a collection of these artefacts as well as objects from other Jordanian historic sites.
How to get around within Jordan
There are currently two companies managing the railways in Jordan namely Aqaba Railway Corporation and Hedjaz Jordan Railway. The Hedjaz Jordan Railway is the only passenger railway currently operating in Jordan, which connects Amman to Damascus, in Syria, and passing through Zarqa and Mafraq.
How to get there
The largest airport in Jordan is the Queen Alia International Airport. Travellers who are planning to visit the country of Jordan should book tickets that are bound for Queen Alia International Airport using Skyscanner for cheap deals. There are a good number of airlines that operate at the airport and among them are British Airways, Lufthansa, Petra Airlines, royal Falcon, and Royal Wings.
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