Luxembourg, or officially the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, is a landlocked country in Western Europe. Bordered by Belgium to the west and north, Germany to the east, and France to the south, the country is comprised of two principal regions namely Oesling and Gutland (north and south, respectively). Luxembourg is one of the smallest sovereign nations in Europe with only 2,586 square kilometres in territory. It is a representative democracy with a constitutional monarch headed by a Duke, thus being the world's only remaining grand duchy. The country is also a developed country, with an advanced economy and the world's second highest GDP (PPP) per capita, according to the World Bank. Its location has catapulted it too into a strategic area; significant to numerous powers that have ruled not only Europe but the rest of the world. Luxembourg’s capital and largest city also bears the same name.
What to see & do
Luxembourg (city) –Luxembourg city is not much of the traditional corporate setting of skyscrapers and towering, glass-walled buildings. Luxembourg, while playing host to banks and EU offices and basking in the modernity that power has brought it, is actually a UNESCO-listed Old Town that is quite surprising and unexpected. It is prettified with blue roofs and traditional European architecture, which emits that aura of nonchalance. Within the city, travellers may visit various galleries and museums that look mostly like a residential building, such as the Mudam and the Musee d'Histoire de la Ville de Luxembourg, or even check out “Europe's most beautiful balcony”, in the form of the Chemin de la Corniche.
Vianden – A place full of history, little Vianden is actually a vast slate-roofed castle complex whose impregnable white stone walls reflect during the evening's floodlights, creating a rather appealing and photogenic scenery. And while afternoons here are particularly busy due to tourists packing and biking their way in to see the fortresses, get here in the morning and own the town like a member of the Grand Duchy. When visiting Vianden, do not forget the Grand Rue, the Place de la Resistance, the Chateau de Vianden, and the Maison de Victor Hugo – a mansion embellished with a Rodin piece of writer Victor Hugo's bust.
Echternach – Echternach is Janus reincarnated. It is a two-faced haven both for the artsy and the adventurous: a haven for bike and hike enthusiasts who cannot stop themselves from seeking their next adventure, and a place for architecture and beauty seekers who wish to see the prettiest town square, snap photos of a few old churches, and partake in folkloric festivals. Echternach is the best of both worlds in Luxembourg, so travellers should never miss this one out. Within Echternach, travellers should visit the Basilica, the Echternach Abbey, and Villa Romaine.
How to get around within Luxembourg
Being a compact country, it is possible to reach almost any place in Luxembourg from the capital under an hour. Established transport networks include trains and buses, while cars and bikes are both available and for rent.
How to get there
The Luxembourg-Findel International Airport is an airport six kilometres outside the capital of Luxembourg. It is easily accessible from the city centre via bus. Luxair is the main carrier here, with connections to major EU countries including UK, Italy, France, Switzerland, the Netherlands, Germany, and others.
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