Montenegro is a South-eastern European country bordered by Bosnia and Herzegovina to the north-west, Croatia to the west, Kosovo to the east, Serbia to the north-east, and Albania to the south-east, with a coast on the Adriatic Sea to the south-west. The country's capital and largest city is Podgorica, and the Prijestonica, or former Royal Capital City, is Cetinje. Montenegro occupies a total area of 13,812 square kilometres and, according to the 2014 census, has a population of 703,208. As a tourist destination, it offers a 295-km long picturesque coast with 72 km of beaches and a mountainous northern region.
What to see & do
Durmitor National Park – Durmitor is a national park and a massif in northwestern Montenegro, with 48 peaks above 2,000 metres. The highest peak is Bobotov Kuk, reaching a height of 2,522 metres. There are also 18 glacial lakes, dubbed Gorske Oči, or Eyes of the Mountain. The national park was established in 1952 and includes not only the massif of Durmitor, but the canyons of Tara, Sušica and Draga rivers, and the higher part of the canyon plateau Komarnica. Overall, Durmitor National Park covers an area of 390 square kilometres. Activities in the Durmitor during the summer are hiking, mountaineering, and recreational tourism. During the winter, activities are skiing and snowboarding.
Bay of Kotor - The Bay of Kotor, colloquially Boka kotorska but often called simply Boka, is a region in southwestern Montenegro. It is comprised of four smaller gulfs: gulf of Herceg Novi, gulf of Risan, gulf of Tivat, and gulf of Kotor. The bay, the city of Kotor, and the surrounding territory are under the protection of UNESCO. Visitors come to enjoy the scenery by kayaking, mountain biking, and hiking. There are also approximately 100 Catholic churches and chapels and about 200 Orthodox churches and chapels. The oldest cathedral in Boka is the Cathedral of St. Trifun in Kotor, built in 1166.
Skadar Lake - Lake Skadar, known also as Lake Scutari, Lake Shkodër and Lake Shkodra is the largest lake in the Balken Peninsula. The free-flowing type lake, located on the border of Albania and Montengro, has a surface area that fluctuates between 370 square kilometres and 530 square kilometres. The Skadar Lake system is known for its freshwater diversity. It is also one of the largest bird reserves in Europe and contains about 270 bird species, including some of the last pelicans in the continent.
How to get around within Montenegro
The most convenient way to get around Montenegro is by utilizing its bus system. The buses usually don't have air-conditioning, but service is frequent, safe, cheap, and are more or less prompt. There are also shared minibuses that can be boarded at bus stations; these are slightly cheaper and can take you to your destination faster. The fastest and cheapest way to get from north to south is by taking the local train, which operates through Podgorica and Kolašin and Mojkovac to Bijelo Polje. Montenegro is a hitch-hiking country, but this option, regardless of where you are, must be taken with caution.
How to get there
The main international airport serving Montenegro is Podgorica Airport, located in the Zeta Plain, 11 km south of central Podgorica. The airport is served primarily by Montenegro Airlines, as well as Adria Airways, Air Serbia, Alitalia, Austrian AIrlines, Ryanair, and Turkish Airlines. There are direct flights to the country through Podgorica from Istanbul, Ljubljana, Belgrade, Rome, Vienna, Frankfurt, Moscow, Paris, Zürich, and London. Another international airport serving the country is Tivat Airport, which receives flights from Moscow and Belgrade courtesy of Montenegro Airlines, S7 Airlines, Aeroflot, and Air Serbia. There are also flights from St. Petersburg by Ural Airlines.
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