Rome is the famed city of the Roman Empire, the capital city of Italy. Small but mighty, it is also considered one of the most populated cities in the European Union, despite it housing the smallest city, and at the same time, the smallest country, in the world, the Vatican City, home of the Holy See. Old yet powerful, its history spans over two thousand years of existence, and may have perhaps bear witness to major historical events of the times. It has made more than its fair share of cultural influence, having had produced the greatest artists, musicians, and philosophers the world could have asked for. Also known as the 11th most visited in the world, and the third most visited in the European Union, visiting Rome should be on every traveller’s itinerary. Come and pay homage to one of the greatest civilisations the world has known.
The city of Rome imbibes a pleasant Mediterranean climate. The winter season has a mild and humid climate, while summer season are known to have warm and dry climate. Given the weather, travellers can roam about the city in easy strides. Notable places to see in Rome include the Capitoline Museums that are located in twin palaces on opposite sides of the Piazza del Campidoglio. It houses oldest public library in the world, as well as various paintings by Titian, Veronese, and Caravaggio, and statues by Bernini. Of course, the famous Colosseum should not be missed. This is where historical battles between gladiators, slaves, prisoners, and even wild animals took place. Vatican City, the seat of the Catholic Church, should also be on the priority list. A chance to visit the St. Peter’s Basilica should not be missed, as well as the Sistine Chapel, which houses Michelangelo’s frescoes. Lastly, who knows, a chance to see the Pope might actually fall in your favour. For a greater chance to see the Pope, toss your lucky coin in the Trevi Fountain, an iconic place in Rome wherein many have thrown loose change in the hopes of having their wishes come true. The Pantheon, the most well-preserved building in Rome, should be visited as well. Originally a temple to the classic deities built by Hadrian in AD 119-128, it currently exists as a church and a tourist spot for travellers.
How to get around within Rome
Getting around Rome should be a breeze. Rome’s main railway station is Roma Termini. Other main stations are Roma Tiburtina, Roma Ostiense, Roma Trastevere, and Roma Tuscolana. Roma Termini is closed between 12:30 a.m. and 4:30 a.m. local city time. Due to this, the alternate route or stop will be at Tiburtina station, which is accessible by boat. Most cruise ships dock in Civitavecchia. For day trips, ships can arrange shuttle buses to and from the pedestrian port entrance, which gives you access to unlimited use of Rome’s Metro, tram, and bus lines. Trains leave at every hour. For night trips, taking a taxi to reach the train station from the cruise line is advised.
How to get there
Rome has two main international airports, the first of which is the Leonardo da Vinci or Fiumicino International Airport, the main airport which is rather well connected to city centre by public transport; and the second one is G.B. Pastine/Ciampino International Airport, which is located to the southeast of the capital. The G.B. Pastine serves Easyjet, Ryanair, and Wizzair flights, among others. Though closer to the city centre than the main, it has no direct to train connection.