Sicily, officially Regione Siciliana, is the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea and is, along with the surrounding minor islands, one of Italy's 20 regions. The capital of Sicily is the city of Palermo, but other notable cities are Catania, Gela, Marsala, Messina, and Ragusa. As a tourist destination, Sicily is mesmerising and is blessed with a unique culture, mouth-watering cuisine, varied landscapes, stunning architecture, and significant archaeological and ancient sites.
What to see & do
Teatro Massimo Bellini - The Teatro Massimo Bellini is an opera house situated in Catania with a 1,200 seating capacity. The opera house was named after the Italian opera composer Vincenzo Bellini, who was born in Catania. Almost all of Bellini's compositions have been performed in the opera house. Teatro Massimo Bellini still hosts operas, converts, conferences, and other performances.
Stromboli Crater - Stromboli is a small island off the north coast of Sicily, in the Tyrrhenian Sea. It contains one of the country's three active volcanoes. Hikers and nature-lovers can climb up to 400 metres without a guide, but need to be part of organised treks with a guide to go any higher.
Capuchin Catacombs of Palermo - The Capuchin Catacombs of Palermo, also known as Catacombe dei Cappuccini or Catacombs of the Capuchins, are burial catacombs in Palermo. The catacombs under the Capuchin monastery were originally intended only for dead friars, but in the following centuries, others have been buried there as well. Among the renowned people buried in the catacombs are the sculptors Lorenzo Marabitti and Filipo Pennino, Colonol Enea Diguiliano, and the son of a King of Tunis who had converted to Catholicism. One of the last corpses admitted in the Capuchin Catacombs belonged to a two-year-old Italian child who had died of pneumonia. Her body is so well preserved that she seems as if she is only sleeping inside a sealed glass enclosure.
How to get around in Sicily
As in many tourist destinations, public transportation is frequent during the weekdays but significantly decreases on Sundays. The railway network is inexpensive but frequency and speed depends on the route. The bus network, also a cheap way to get around, is quite extensive. Palermo and Catania are well-served, but the buses also cover other main and small towns. Flights between cities in Sicily, such as to Pantelleria and Lampedusa, are more expensive but also faster.
How to get there
Sicily is served by two major airports, one in Palermo and another in Catania. Falcone–Borsellino Airport, or Palermo Airport, is located 35 kilometres west northwest of Palermo. It is served by the airlines Alitalia, easyJet, Ryanair, Tunisair, Volotea, and Vueling to link Sicily with the cities of Milan, Rome, Naples, Lampedusa, Pantelleria, London, Beauvais, Bergamo, Berlin, Bologna, Marseille, Memmingen, Pisa, Treviso, Turin, Verona, Weeze, Bari, Genoa, Naples, Florence, and Split. The larger Catania–Fontanarossa Airport or Vincenzo Bellini Airport, located 4.3 kilometres southwest of Catania, is served by Air Berlin, Air Malta, Alitalia, Blue Air, Edelweiss Air, easyJet, Germanwings, Lufthansa, Meridiana, Ryanair, Volotea, Vueling, and Wizz Air. It receives flights from several European cities as well, including Manchester, Malta, Zürich, and Munich.