Mozambique, officially the Republic of Mozambique, is a country on the Indian Ocean coast of Southern Africa bordered by the Indian Ocean to the east, Tanzania to the north, Malawi and Zambia to the northwest, Zimbabwe to the west, and Swaziland and South Africa to the southwest. The country is separated from Madagascar by the Mozambique Channel to the east. Its eastern coastline along the Indian Ocean is more than 1,000 km long, which makes the country very popular with scuba divers, fishermen, sailors, and beach lovers. Its capital and largest city is Maputo.
What to see & do
Mozambique offers a range of tourist sites, from historical attractions to natural wonders that will surely make you fall in love with the country. Its beautiful clear blue waters do not only serve as picturesque sights, but are also perfect for water sport enthusiasts, or even beginners. With the coastline stretching over 2,500 kilometres, there are plenty of unspoilt beaches to explore. Be out and about at the country’s vibrant cities or wander around the quaint fishing villages, whichever you prefer. See the amazing African wildlife at the reserves, which also offer plenty of photographic opportunities. Visit Gorongosa National Park, home to a variety of animal species and vegetation. Here you can watch elephants roam across the landscape and if you are lucky, you can even see lion. It is also home to buffalo, zebra, and buck. Near water sources, you’ll find hippos and crocodiles. The park is also a bird watcher’s paradise, with more than 400 species of birds. Chitengo Safari Camp is also open most of the year, which has accommodations like swimming pools and a restaurant. Photographic safaris can also be arranged. Go to Niassa Reserve, a 42,000-square kilometre nature reserve, which has vegetation that comprises of Miombo forest, savannah, and wetlands. It is also home to the African wild dog (an endangered species), along with elephant, sable antelope, buffalo, wildebeest, zebra, and a variety of bird species.
How to get around within Mozambique
Air transit is the fastest and most convenient way to get around the country as the roads in Mozambique are generally in poor condition. Linhas Aereas de Moçambique flies between the major
cities. If you’re planning to drive around, however, you can take the stretch of the EN1 between Maputo and Inchope, which is in decent condition. If you’re planning on taking the bus or chapa, you need to be at the station as early as 4:00 a.m. Chapas are similar to both mini and midi buses but often pickup trucks and cargo trucks will offer a ride for the same fare as a chapa. Taxis are found everywhere in the country, but they are not metered, so negotiate the fare first before getting in.
How to get there
Before booking your trip to Mozambique, you must first secure a visa, that is, if you’re not a citizen of Swaziland, South Africa, Tanzania, Botswana, Malawi, Mauritius, Zambia, and Zimbabwe – which do not require a visa upon entry. If you are flying to the country, you are most likely going to disembark at Maputo International Airport, the largest airport in Mozambique. Most of international flights arrive from South Africa, but there are direct international routes between Mozambique and Swaziland, Zimbabwe, Tanzania, Kenya, Ethiopia, and Portugal as well. South African Airways (SAA), Mozambican flag-carrier Linhas Aereas de Moçambique (LAM), Federal Air, Kenya Airways, Swazi Express Airways, TAP Portugal, Qatar Airways, and local carrier Air Corridor operate at the airport. Alternatively, you can also get in by train, bus, or boat.
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