Namibia, officially the Republic of Namibia, is a country in Southern Africa. Formerly called South West Africa, it is bordered by Zambia and Angola to the north, Botswana to the east, and South Africa to the east and south. It occupies 825,615 square kilometres and consists of five geographical areas: the Central Plateau, the Namib Desert, the Great Escarpment, the Bushveld, and the Kalahari Desert. Namibia is a wonderful destination for tourists who want to have plenty of choices for natural attractions. The capital city is Windhoek.
What to see & do
Etosha National Park - Etosha National Park is one of the most popular wildlife sanctuaries in Southern Africa. It covers 22,270 square kilometres and is named after the large Etosha pan almost entirely within the park. The national park contains hundreds of species of mammals, birds, and reptiles. There are five sites in the park with lodges, three of which have facilities for camping. The lodging and camping accommodation sites are Okaukuejo, Namutoni, Halali, Onkoshi, and Dolmite Camp.
Kalahari Desert - Kalahari Desert is a semi-arid sandy savannah in southern Africa. It lies over 900,000 square kilometres over some parts of Namibia, as well as much of Botswana and South Africa. The riverbeds of the desert are grazing spots, and predators such as lions and cheetahs can occasionally be spotted. The desert is also home to several migratory birds and animals. Kalahari has several game reserves, including the Central Kalahari Game Reserve, the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park, and the Tswalu Kalahari, the largest private game reserve in South Africa.
Fish River Canyon Park - The Fish River Canyon Park is one of the largest canyons in the world, and the most recognised Natural Wonder of Namibia. Its gigantic ravine is about 100 miles long, up to 27 kilometres wide, and in the deepest part almost 550 metres deep. It contains the Fish River, the longest interior river in Namibia. There is a popular hiking trail in the Fish River Canyon that generally follows 88 kilometres of the Fish River through Ai Ais. There are no amenities around, so travellers would have to bring all their own equipment and needs.
How to get around within Namibia
Renting a car in Namibia can be good and often even more convenient if you're really after a more flexible schedule and routes. Gas stations do not accept forms of payment other than cash, so always make sure you have plenty with you. The primary roads on Namibia are good and paved, and secondary routes have well-graded gravel. A 4WD is not necessary if you have no plans of going on tertiary roads and the Skeleton Coast. Do be careful when driving at night (or avoid it as much as you can) as there is plenty of wildlife on the roads.
For those who would rather make use of local transport, TransNamib operates air-conditioned buses and trains to destinations all over Namibia. Minibus taxis, or combies (shared or long-distance taxis), can be boarded at taxi ranks. There is really no need to negotiate, as the minibus taxi drivers in Namibia are not in the habit of overcharging tourists.
How to get there
Hosea Kutako International Airport is the primary airport in Namibia with international connections. It receives passenger service from Cape Town, Frankfurt, Harare, Johannesburg, Luanda, Lüderitz, Lusaka, Maun, Oranjemund, Victoria Falls, and Walvis Bay. The airlines serving the airport are Airlink, Air Namibia, British Airways, Condor, Namibia flyafrica.com, South African Airways, South African Express, and TAAG Angola Airlines. In addition to air travel, there nine commonly used border posts with the neighbouring countries. The most convenient international bus routes into Namibia are from Cape Town and Victoria Falls.
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