An autonomous region of Italy, Sardinia is the second largest island in the Mediterranean Sea. The nearest land masses surrounding the region are the island of Corsica, the Italian Peninsula, Sicily, Tunisia, the Balearic Islands, and Provence. Sardinia’s capital is Cagliari. Climate in the island varies from Mediterranean along the coasts, plains, and low hills, to continental on the interior plateaus, valleys, and mountain ranges.
The sights to be seen within Sardinia include Santuario and Basilica di Nostra Signora di Bonaria, Nuraghe Su Nuraxi, Museo Archeologico Nazionale, Area Archeologica di Tharros, Parco Nazionale dell’Asinara, Nuraghe di Santa Cristina, Compendio Garibaldino, Isola Tavolara, Museo Nazionale Sanna, Cattedrale di Santa Maria, Sea Walls, La Giara di Gesturi, Strada Panoramica della Costa del Sud, Grotta di Nettuno, Cala Goloritzè, Tempio di Antas, and Necropoli di Montessu. Compendio Garibaldino is located within Isola Caprera, and has guided tours that will take its visitors to elegant rooms, a garden cemetery, and a small collection of Garibaldi memorabilia. The guided tours are in Italian only. Santuario & Basilica di Nostra Signora di Bonaria, located in Cagliari, is a popular pilgrimage site, where devotees visit from all over the world to pray to Nostra Signora di Bonaria, a statue of the Virgin Mary and Christ, made of wood. Sea Walls or Alghero’s golden sea walls have been built around the centro storico, and runs from Piazza Sulis to Porta a Mare.
How to get around within Sardinia
Getting around Sardinia can be done by bus, train, sailboat, yacht, and bicycle. In Sardinia, there are regular and cheap buses that travel between Cagliari, Sassari, Alghero, Nuoro, among others. When in Macomer meanwhile, there is a tendency to change buses or even trains, with some buses, although less frequent, provide the ride to some of the smaller villages within the area. The primary bus company in Sardinia is the publicly owned and managed ARST. Most of the buses tend to be late and infrequent, and are also not on the starting point. The regular trains travel from the edge of Alghero to Sassari and from Sassari to Cagliari, although most of the time, can be slower than buses. Just like the bus, it changes at Macomer when headed to Nuoro. A train route called ‘Trenino Verde’ covers some of the most beautiful rural, as well as mountainous areas such as Sassari-Palau, Mandas-Arbatax, and Nuoro-Bosa. The trains on the Trenino Verde route are steam locomotives in colder seasons and old diesel trains in warmer seasons. Travelling by sailboat and yacht can be chartered from various companies. These are among the best ways to see what Sardinia has to offer. Other modes of getting around include by bike or car; bikes can be rented from a lot of places, while cars can also be rented and can provide the transportation needed.
How to get there
The region of Sardinia has three international airports namely Alghero-Fertilia Airport, Olbia Costa Smeralda Airport, and Cagliari Elmas Airport. With flights to and from local and international destinations, some of the airlines that operate via Alghero-Fertilia Airport include Alitalia, Alitalia operated by Alitalia Cityliner, Atlantic Airways, easyJet, Jet Time, Ryanair, Thomson Airways, TUIfly Nordic, Volotea, and Wizz Air with flights to and from Milan, Rome, Bergamo, Bologna, Bratislava, Madrid, Verona, and Bucharest, on top of seasonal, summer seasonal, and seasonal charter flights to and from Turin, Copenhagen, Helsinki, Dublin, Stockholm, Oslo, and Budapest, among others. The Olbia Costa Smeralda Airport and Cagliari Elmas Airport on the other hand have flights to and from Düsseldorf, Munich, Naples, Venice, London, Turin, Beauvais, Pisa, via Air Berlin, Meridiana, Volotea, easyJet, and Ryanair, to name a few.