The Republic of Honduras is the second largest country in Central America. It covers an area of about 112,492 square kilometres. It was often referred to as the ‘Spanish Honduras’ to differentiate it from the British Honduras, now renamed Belize. Honduras is bordered to the north by the Gulf of Honduras, to the west by Guatemala, to the southwest by El Salvador, to the south by the Gulf of Fonseca, and to the southeast by Nicaragua. The capital and largest city is Tegucigalpa, formally Tegucigalpa, Municipality of the Central District. Tourists come to Honduras for its ancient Maya ruins, colonial villages, natural parks, and the Pacific and Caribbean coastline with wonderful beaches and coral reefs, and Bay Islands.
What to see & do
Maya Site of Copán - Copán Ruinas is a very important archaeological site of the Maya civilization, being the former political, civil, and religious centre of the Copan Valley. The complex consists of the Acropolis and important plaza ruins and is a designated UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Bay Islands - Islas de la Bahía, or Bay Islands, is one of the 18 departments of Honduras and a Caribbean paradise that is a popular tourist destination. It consists of eight islands and 53 small cays, Roatan being the largest and most developed. Activities in Roatan include relaxing and swimming in several white sand beaches, going to canopy tours, dolphin experiences, diving in the Caribbean (with help from certified diving agencies), mangrove tours, shark dives, and submarine tours.
Cusuco National Park - Established in January 1959, Cusuco National Park is a protected 23,400-hectare area in the Merendon Mountains of northwest Honduras. The park encompasses diverse habitats, hence the large variety of plant and animal species.
Río Plátano Biosphere Reserve - The bio reserve encompasses 5,250 square kilometres of preserved mountainous and lowland tropical rainforest in the La Mosquitia region of Honduras. The reserve is home to several endangered species. Rafting trips are offered down the length of the Rio Platano.
How to get around within Honduras
Regular boat service in the form of ferries and water taxis allow for easy travelling between the islands. As for getting around the islands, local buses and microbuses offer cheap services. However, be careful when riding city buses, especially in San Pedro Sula and Teguigalpa, as pickpocketing is common. When in doubt, hire taxis instead, which also have pretty low fares. Better yet, rent a car from the major cities and on Roatán. Hitchhiking is common and fairly safe in rural areas, especially when bus service is not available. Expect to pay the equivalent bus fare.
How to get there
The primary gateway into Honduras is Toncontin International Airport, also known as Teniente Coronel Hernán Acosta Mejía Airport, a joint-use civil and military airport situated 6 kilometres from the city centre of Tegucigalpa, Honduras. There are regular flights from Atlanta, Fort Lauderdale, Miami, New York, and Houston, as well as scheduled flights from Panama City, Guatemala City, San José (CR), San Salvador, and Panama City. Airlines that offer flights to Honduras are Aerolíneas Sosa, American Airlines, Avianca, Avianca Honduras, Avianca Nicaragua, CM Airlines, Copa Airlines, Delta Air Lines, Transportes Aereos Guatemaltecos, and United Airlines.
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