Bolivia, officially the Plurinational State of Bolivia, is a landlocked country in western-central South America. It is bordered by Brazil to the north and east, Paraguay and Argentina to the south, Chile to the southwest, and Peru to the west. The country’s capital is Sucre and its largest city is Santa Cruz de la Sierra. As the world’s 28th largest country, covering an area of 1,098,581km2, Bolivia’s geography varies from the peaks of Central Andes in the west, to the eastern lowlands in the Amazon Basin. It also experiences different climates from one eco-region to another, varying from humid tropical and desert-polar climates to temperate and subtropical semi-arid climates.
What to see & do
Bolivia is known for its high level of biodiversity, considered as one of the greatest in the world. It boasts of different ecoregions such as tropical rainforests, dry valleys, and tropical savannahs. Within this geographic area are thousands of species of flora and fauna, most of which can be found on Amboro and Carrasco National Parks, the twin national parks that are considered to be the most biodiverse in the country. North of Apolo is Madidi National Park, one of the world’s most extensive biodiversity reserves and also home to one of the country’s richest woodlands. Be it winter or any other season, the Chacaltaya and Huayna Potosi offer great adventure activities. Chacaltaya is the world’s highest ski resort, while Huayna Potosi is the most popular mountain climb in Bolivia.
A popular activity in Bolivia is going on a mountain bike tour of the “Death Road” that stretches 64 km of North Yungas Road, including the old section from La Cumbre to Coroico. In this tour, travellers will see and experience the diversity of Bolivia by leaving La Cumbre in a cold and windy environment, and then getting to Coroico in a wet and tropical environment. There are companies offering organised tours, but those with their own bikes can go on their own.
The cultural heritage of Incas and other indigenous cultures from the Andean region is apparent in La Paz. From here, tourists can visit the Tiwanaku ruins, Oruro’s carnival, Potosi’s mines, Uyuni, Lake Titicaca, Los Yungas valley, and the Andes Mountains.
How to get around within Bolivia
Travelling by bus is a great and cheap way to get around Bolivia and see the breathtaking sceneries at the same time. There are three types of buses to choose from: “bed bus” with seats that can be fully reclined and with leg platform, “semi-bed bus,” and normal buses. Air travel is an alternative when going to farther destinations. Airlines that offer domestic flights in Bolivia are: Aerocon, Amaszonas, Boliviana de Aviacion, Gol Airlines, and TAM.
As only 5% of the roads in Bolivia are paved, a 4x4 is recommended when driving off the major routes. In mountainous regions, traffic also sometimes switches sides of the road in order for the driver to have a better view of the dangerous drops. For a safer and more comfortable travel, go for the trains instead. It also offers a beautiful view, especially the trip from Oruro to Uyuni, as it passes through an Andean lake. Shared taxis are also an option when going between towns and cities not accessible by bus.
How to get there
There are three main international airports in Bolivia: El Alto International Airport in La Paz, Viru Viru International Airport in Santa Cruz, and Jorge Wilstermann International in Cochabamba. Many travellers fly to El Alto International Airport as most of the country’s cultural heritage and sites and wonders are concentrated in La Paz, where the airport is located. Air Europa and Boliviana de Aviacion fly from Europe to Bolivia; LAN, TACA Peru, Amaszonas, Avianca, TAM Mercosur, Copa Airlines, Gol Airlines, Aerolineas Argentinas, and Boliviana de Aviacion fly from Latin America; and American Airlines fly from the USA.
From Argentina, Bolivia can be reached by bus, as well as from Juliaca and Puno in Peru. Driving to Bolivia through the land border at the northeast of Chile/southwest of Bolivia is also possible. An international driving permit is required, but EU and US driving licences are also accepted at most times. By water travel, Bolivia is accessible via Lake Titicaca from Puno, Peru.
Prices shown on this page are estimated lowest prices only. Found in the last 45 days.