Officially known as the Republic of the Sudan, Sudan is an Arab republic located in the Nile Valley of North Africa. The country is bordered by Egypt, South Sudan, Ethiopia, Chad, to the north, south, east, and west, among others. Although its official languages are Arabic and English, as well as around 70 languages that are native to Sudan. Some of the languages include Sudanese Arabic, Beja or Bedawi, along with Fur, among others.
What to see & do
The points of interest within Sudan include the Pyramids of Meroe, Jebel Barkal, and National Museum of Sudan, to name a few. The Pyramids of Meroe include the South Cemetery with its nine royal pyramids, North Cemetery with 41 royal pyramids, and West Cemetery with its 113 tombs, and no royal pyramids. Jebel Barkal or Gebel Barkal, is 400 kilometres north of Khartoum, by Karima town, within Sudan’s Northern State. It consists of a very small mountain, around 98 metres tall, with a flat top, and has been used by traders as a landmark. The National Museum of Sudan was founded in 1971. It is a two-storey building that contains the most important and largest archaeological collection in all of Sudan. Among the exhibits displayed in the museum include a statue of Natakamani, Meroitic statue which was unearthed in the ‘water sanctuary’ in Meroe, Nubia, to name a few.
How to get around within Sudan
When looking into travelling around Sudan, some of the transportation options include going by train, bus, and sometimes by car, among others. Travelling by train can be done with the weekly train coming from Wadi Halfa, towards Khartoum. The train leaves after the weekly ferry from Aswan arrives. When travelling via train, the ride makes quite a few stops, where travellers can buy snacks, and others. Additionally, there is a train that travels between Khartoum and Port Sudan, via Atbara, and from Nyala to Er-Rahad. The trains that travel to Wadi Halfa, as well as Port Sudan, leave from the main terminal that is within Khartoum North (Bahri). In Sudan, buses travel frequently when within the high-activity areas. In more remote areas, there are trucks or ‘boxes’ (Toyota Hiluxes) that are usually as crowded as the normal buses. Another option for getting around is by driving. Driving within the country of Sudan can be a little disorderly, although not bad by African standards. When driving, it is best to go with a 4WD since most of the country has dirt and sand tracks, and its main highways are mostly sealed off for much of the way.
How to get there
One of the airports that serve Sudan is Khartoum International Airport. Located in Khartoum, Sudan’s capital, the airport operates flights to various destinations such as Benghazi, Sharjah, El Fasher, Geneina, Nyala, Port Sudan, Cairo, Dubai, Addis Ababa, Abu Dhabi, Dammam, Jeddah, Riyadh, Bahrain, Nairobi, Beirut, El Fasher, Juba, Nyala, Doha, Amman, Asmara, El Obeid, Geneina, Kano, Kassala, Malakal, N'Djamena, Nyala, Sharjah, Wau, Istanbul, and Sana’a, via airlines such as Afriqiyah Airways, Air Arabia, Badr Airlines, EgyptAir, Emirates, Ethiopian Airlines, Etihad Airways, flydubai, Flynas, Gulf Air, Kenya Airways, Med Airways, Nova Airways, Qatar Airways, Royal Jordanian, Saudia, Sudan Airways, Tarco Airlines, Turkish Airlines, and Yemenia. The Khartoum International Airport will be replaced by a new airport, the Khartoum New International Airport, which is currently under construction. The new airport will be located around 40 kilometres or 24.8 miles from Sudan capital’s city centre. Additionally, the new airport will have an additional 300-room international hotel, along with an 86,000 square metre passenger terminal, and two 4,000 metre runways.
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