The Gabonese Republic, or Gabon, on the west coast of Central Africa is a sovereign state. It is bordered by Equatorial Guinea to the northwest, Cameroon to the north, the Republic of the Congo to the east and south, and the Gulf of Guinea to the west. Gabon is among the most prosperous countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, and its capital and largest city is Libreville. The country is located on the equator, thus experiencing an equatorial climate. 85 percent of Gabon is made up of a broad system of rainforests.
Where to go
Domestic flights available from the main airport of Gabon are to Franceville, Koulamoutou, Makokou, Mayumba, Mouila, Oyem, Port-Gentil, and Tchibanga. Among the largest cities in Gabon, Franceville can be found on the River Mpassa, at the end of the Trans-Gabon Railway and the N3 road. Major attractions in the city include St Hilaire’s Church that was built in 1899, a statue of President Omar Bongo, a primate medical research institute, and a golf course. Visitors staying here can check-in at the Hotel Poubara, which overlooks the President’s holiday home. Franceville is also known for its several waterfalls, of which Poubara Falls is the most popular, co-located with a hydroelectric plant that provides the city with electricity.
After Libreville, Port-Gentil is the second largest city of Gabon, as well as the country’s leading seaport. The city is known for its hotels and its nightlife. Sights and recreation areas that can be found in Port-Gentil include the St. Louis Church, a zoo, a casino, its beaches, a golf course, and the wildlife in local swamps. Port-Gentil is located on an island, and the only way to get here is through flights from Libreville to Port-Gentil International Airport.
From Libreville in Gabon, travellers can book flights to short-haul international destinations such as Sao Tome and Principe, Abidjan, Brazzaville, Pointe-Noire, Kinshasa, Lome, Yaounde, Douala, Bata, Malabo, Kigali, Casablanca, Luanda, Bamako, Cotonou, Dakar, and Johannesburg.
Sao Tome and Principe, an island nation in the Gulf of Guinea, is situated off the western equatorial coast of Central Africa and is made up of two archipelagos around the two main islands, namely Sao Tome, and Principe. Turtle watching is one of the most known attractions in the country, as it is an important marine turtle nesting area, particularly the hawksbill turtles. Birdwatching is also worthwhile, as the islands of Sao Tome and Principe are home to endemic birds such as the world’s smallest ibis, the world’s largest sunbird, and the rare Sao Tome fiscal. The country also boasts of scenic islands that have many tourism opportunities.
The only long-haul international flights available from Libreville International Airport are to Paris and Istanbul. As Turkey’s largest city, Istanbul is also its economic, cultural, and historical centre. Being a transcontinental city in Eurasia, as well as due to its strategic position along the historic Silk Road, Istanbul is one of the most significant cities in history. The city is also a European Capital of Culture and the fifth most popular tourist destination in the world. Its historic centre is partially a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and is home to the Golden Horn, the city’s natural harbour where its cultural and entertainment hub is located.
How to get out
The main international airport of Gabon is Libreville Leon M’ba International Airport, or simply Libreville International Airport. It serves as a hub for Nationale Regionale Transport and Sky Gabon. Other airlines that operate here are Afric Aviation, Africa’s Connection STP, Air Cote d’Ivoire, Air France, ASKY Airlines, Camair-co, CEIBA Intercontinental. Douniah Airlines, Ethiopian Airlines, Rwandair, Royal Air Maroc, Senegal Airlines, South African Airways, Trans Air Congo, Turkish Airlines, and Westair Ben